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Apis mellifera - Genus and species of bee

Balling the queen - When hive bees surround and kill their queen 

Beeswax - Compound secreted by bees 

Brood - Term used for all immature stages of bees (eggs, larvae and pupae)

Brood chamber - Part of the hive in which the brood is reared

Capped brood - Pupae whose cells have been sealed 

Chilled brood - Developed bee brood that has died from exposure to cold

Cloake board - Starter/Finisher in one 

Cluster - Bees covering brood when temperature is low

Colony collapse disorder CCD

Comb foundation - Commercially made sheet of plastic or wax embossed with worker or drone cell pattern

Contracts - legal agreements

Dearth - A time when nectar or pollen or both are not available

Dividing/splitting - Reducing a strong colony to more than one smaller colony 

Drawn comb - A comb with cells built out by bees

Drifting - When bees go into a hive that is not their own

Emergency queens - queens produced by the colony 

European Foulbrood 

Formic acid - A organic acid to control varroa

Grafting - Moving a egg the queen has laid to an artificial cell


Honey flow - When nectar is available to the bees

Laying worker - A worker bee that lays drone eggs, usually in queenless hives

Marked queen - Queen with drop of paint on it

Mating yard - Apiary devoted to producing queens 

Nectar - sweet liquid 

Nosema ceranae - Virus

Nuc or nucleus - two/five frame hive



Pollen trap - Device put under the hive to collect pollen

Pollination - Process of using bees to pollinate flowers

Queen - A fully developed female bee capable of reproduction

Queen cage - small cage for storing queens

Queen cell - The cell queen bees are raised in

Queen cell cup - a rounded cup built to accommodate future queen cells

Queenright - A colony with a health queen

Robbing - When bees steal honey

Royal jelly - Feed made by bees for queens

Small hive beetle

Starter/finisher - hives used to raise queens


Supersedure - Natural replacement of a queen by the bees

Surplus honey - Honey stored by bees

Swarm - when bees leave the hive including the queen

Swarm cell - a queen cell produced by workers when  nearly ready to swarm

Uniting - When two colonies are joined

Varroa mite

Virgin queen - An unmate (not laying) queen

VSH (VAROA sensitive hygiene) - Clean bee hive that may make varoa less

Worker bees - female bee 

Worker comb

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